Bindungswunden und Entwicklungskrisen || a collaboration || Ann Antidote Marielle Gerke Dan Farberoff

Concept and direction by Marielle Gerke with photography/video by Dan Farberoff

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(In) securely attached The word trauma comes from the Greek and means “wound”. In a psychological context trauma describes a strong shock for the soul. It can be caused through a massive danger for body, mind or soul, that an individual feels helplessly exposed to. The experienced misery, the loss of control and the following feelings of powerlessness are overwhelming the nervous system of the affected person so that it goes to a state of emergency. Sometimes, individuals can´t overcome this state anymore on their own without help. An attachement trauma is a trauma that happens in the childhood through a close attachement figure such as a parent that leads to a massive inner conflict for the child and a insecure bond. Causes of attachement trauma can be physical, sexual and emotional abuse, physical or emotional neglection as well as sudden separation from or unpredictability of the attachement figure. Attachement trauma, that often takes place over longer periods of time, lead to the development of insecure attachement styles of the affected children. As adults these people with insecure attachement styles often struggle to feel good, safe and secure in their relationships or struggle to even start, maintain and keep long lasting relationships. Often they repeat in their later lives unconsciously and unintentionally the destructive relationship patterns of their childhood, through which old traumas are being reactivated or new wounds are being caused. According to the Federal Criminal Police Office in Germany every third woman in Germany is at least once in her life affected by physical and/or psychological violence. Every forth woman becomes at least once in her life a victim of physical or sexual violence through her current or ex-partner. This is true for women in all social classes. In 2020 there were 148.031 recorded cases of partnership violence, probably many more unrecorded. 80 % of these victims have been women. Half of the affected women lived with their perpetrators in one and the same household. In cases of rape and sexual assault 98% of the victims were female. In cases of stalking, threat and coercion (?) 88,7% of the victims were female. In cases of intentional injury 79% and in cases of murder in partnership 78% of the victims were women. Domestic violence is specifically often occurring or intensifying in the context of separation or divorce situations. Women and their children are at a specifically high risk of escalating violence in these phases. Besides separation or intentions of separation further risk factors are experiences of violence in their own childhood or youth. Violence that has been experienced or witnessed in the childhood is affecting the development of a child immediately and is also having an effect in later adulthood. Women, who witnessed in their childhood or youth physical violence between their parents, are later more than twice as often victims of domestic violence in their own partnership in comparison to those who did not become witnesses of violence between their parents. Women, who have become victims of violence through their parents themselves when they were children or teenagers, as adults were three times as often affected through violence in their partnership. For children and adults, whose physical, emotional and mental integrity is not granted in their own homes, the pandemic situation with lockdown, home office, closing of schools, limited external social contact and activities is a considerable risk for their wellbeing.